How to Successfully Begin Homesteading in Kentucky

If you are looking to embark on a journey towards a more self-sufficient and sustainable lifestyle, homesteading in Kentucky might be the perfect fit for you. With its rich agricultural heritage and favorable conditions for farming, Kentucky offers a unique opportunity for individuals who want to embrace the rural lifestyle. This comprehensive guide will provide you with all the essential information on how to start homesteading in Kentucky.

Buying Farmland in Kentucky

One of the first steps in starting your homesteading journey is finding the right plot of land. Fortunately, Kentucky offers reasonably priced farmland, making it more accessible for aspiring homesteaders. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Kentucky’s average cost of farmland is $4,350 per acre, slightly higher than the national average. This affordable price, combined with the state’s 12.9 million acres of farmland and 75,100 farms, makes Kentucky an attractive destination for those looking to establish their homestead.

When searching for farmland, it is crucial to consider factors such as soil quality, access to water sources, and proximity to livestock auctions and groups. Kentucky boasts fertile soil, particularly the Crider soil, which covers over 500,000 acres of the state. This nutrient-dense soil, moderate temperatures, and ample rainfall create ideal conditions for growing crops and raising animals.

The Kentucky Beginning Farmer Loan Program offers assistance to individuals with farming experience who wish to develop, expand, or buy a farming operation. This program provides financial support for purchasing livestock, equipment, agricultural facilities, real estate, or even securing working capital. Taking advantage of such programs can significantly facilitate your homesteading journey in Kentucky.

Growing Crops in Kentucky

Kentucky’s favorable climate, characterized by long and warm growing seasons, offers excellent opportunities for successful crop cultivation. The majority of the state falls within USDA Hardiness zones 6a to 7a, with zone 6b being the most common. This means that Kentucky experiences relatively mild winters and ample sunshine, allowing for a wide range of crops to thrive.

In Kentucky, popular crops that flourish include tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, onions, garlic, rhubarb, corn, potatoes, and various types of squash. Additionally, Kentucky Wonder beans, a beloved local variety, have been cultivated by Kentucky farmers for centuries. When selecting crops for your homestead, prioritize those that can tolerate high temperatures and humidity, as these are prevalent during the warmer months in Kentucky.

Furthermore, it is worth noting that Kentucky’s official state soil, Crider soil, is renowned for its richness and fertility. This silt loam soil sits on a layer of reddish clay loam and limestone, providing excellent drainage and nutrient retention. Utilizing this prime farmland can significantly enhance your crop production and overall homesteading success.

Raising Animals in Kentucky

Kentucky offers a diverse range of opportunities for animal husbandry, allowing homesteaders to raise livestock in a manner that suits their goals and preferences. It is important to familiarize yourself with the regulations set forth by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture to ensure compliance and the well-being of your animals.

Livestock identification is mandatory for cattle, sheep, and goats being sold at Kentucky-approved livestock markets. Additionally, regulations regarding the feeding of swine and the importation of certain swine varieties are in place to prevent the spread of diseases. Each locality in Kentucky has specific regulations concerning chicken-keeping, so it is essential to check with your local authorities to determine the rules that apply to you.

Kentucky boasts numerous livestock auctions and sales throughout the year, providing opportunities for buying and selling animals. For example, the Washington County Livestock Center is known for its variety of livestock, while the Paris Stockyard conducts regular cattle, sheep, and goat sales. Keeping animals on your homestead requires responsible stewardship and adherence to Kentucky’s regulations to promote animal welfare and maintain the harmony of your community.

Selling Food in Kentucky

As a homesteader, you may want to share the fruits of your labor with others by selling your farm-fresh produce and homemade goods. Kentucky offers numerous farmers’ markets and direct-to-consumer marketing opportunities, allowing you to connect with local consumers and support the demand for locally grown, nutritious food.

While selling whole, fresh, uncut fruits and vegetables generally does not require a permit, certain regulations must be followed. Farmers’ markets may require vendors to purchase insurance, such as general liability and/or product liability insurance, to protect themselves and their customers. Additionally, proper labeling of food products is necessary, including listing ingredients, net weight or volume, processing dates, allergen information, and appropriate disclaimers.

Depending on the products you want to sell, different levels of registration may be required. Home-based processors, who make low-risk products like jams, fruit butter, and bread, must annually register with the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services/Food Safety Branch. On the other hand, home-based microprocessors, selling higher risk products such as canned tomatoes and pickled fruits and vegetables, must attend a workshop, submit recipes for approval, and pay an annual certification fee.

Homesteaders in Kentucky also have the opportunity to sell eggs. You can legally sell up to 60 dozen eggs per week directly to consumers without a license, as long as they are properly refrigerated during transport and labeled according to state guidelines.


Homesteading in Kentucky presents a world of possibilities for those seeking a more self-reliant and sustainable lifestyle. With its affordable farmland, favorable climate, and supportive programs, Kentucky offers a welcoming environment for aspiring homesteaders. By carefully considering factors such as land purchase, crop selection, animal husbandry, and food selling regulations, you can lay a solid foundation for a successful homesteading journey in the Bluegrass State. Embrace the spirit of self-sufficiency, connect with the local community, and cultivate a thriving homestead in the heart of Kentucky.